Google led by Sundar Pichai, will help to build wireless Internet & Wi-Fi net connection to 500 Railway stations across India.
Convergence of Information & Communication Technology ( I C T ) & Healthcare Technology in the digital era has resulted the Innovative digital healthcare devices which allows us easy & accurate care of health & diseases. Due to technological advancements the miniaturization of diagnostic instruments to Smartphone connected Mobile health (mHealth) devices such as iECG, Handheld Ultrasound & Lab-on—a-cheap technologies, Bluetooth Stethoscope leads us to patient care with less cost improved treatments. In the area of state—of—the-art review on mHealth, we need to provide good framework for the advanced mHealthcare & training for the frame work & Digital India can go too far through Healthcare MOOCs ( Massive Open Online Courses ). We shall have to train ourselves, both the Physician & the general people through MOOCs
KEY WORDS: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, WEB 2.0 TECHNOLOGY, LIBRARY 2.0 TECHNOLOGY, SUPERHIGHWAY, NETWORKING, SICIAL SHARING, COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES. MOOC, Health care, mHealth, TELEMEDICINE, CLINICAL DIAGONOSTICS, DIGITAL INDIA,
Followings are major announcements
Microsoft CEO, Satya Nadella will implement low cost broadband connections to the Five lakhs villages of India.
Foreign companies have already started setting up a manufacturing base in India.
DIGITAL INDIAIS GROWING & FORWARDING
Launching of various Mobile Apps by Government of India like MyGov. Aadhar, Swachha Bharat mission & MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) Apps etc. reflecting the intent & pace of work. We are going ahead to this journey of transformation, there are hopes in every Indian mind that we will reach the goal which is our destination.
EMERGING HEALTHCARE TRENDS
SOME IDEAS FOR HEALTHCARE STARTUPS
I think these must be there in INDIA for proper treatment & to get the necessary information for the healthcare management & other necessary reasons which are required before, during & after treatment of any patient.
D – Digital Devices
Digital devices help to solve the Clinical problems. Classified mHealth technologies have developed Smart phone health “Apps ‘’ currently 160000 Apps available. There are smart phones wearable & wireless devices, such as Handheld-imaging platforms, miniaturized sensor based technologies. Hypertension, Diabetes, & Heart Failure(HF), Medication monitoring etc have gone a significant advanced technologies. Data transfer increasing & mHealth devices have become an essential workflows.
E. Wireless & Wearable Devices
There are Analogous to Smart phone based devices. Continuous Blood pressure, Glucose monitoring Technologies are also developed by B Pro, Health Stats Inc. It is approved by FDA, USA in 2014. It is used for Tonometry by applying mild pressure to partially flatten the Radial artery to acquire the measurement of Central Aortic Systolic pressure. The Systolic wave form produces a digital blood pressure signal from the Radial artery to the watch which transmits at 5 minutes intervals & recorded for 24 Hours.
Continuous Glucose Monitoring with minimally invasive sensor technologies by Dexcon. It requires implantation of a small transcutaneous electrode into subcutaneous tissue of the Abdomen or Arm, where a Glucose oxidised chemical reaction produces a current reflecting intestinal Glucose concentration. The Electrical signal is converted into Glucose concentration & it is transmitted to a Smart phone or a Tablet computer at 5 Minutes interval for real time monitoring.
F. BLUE TOOTH STETHOSCOPE
Now a day’s Blue tooth Stethoscope doing the Auscultation of Heart sound & treating the patients. Especially it helps Doctors & he may consult with other senior Doctor who is far of place. Through Blue tooth technology Heart sound may reach to that Doctor within few second times.
This Blue tooth technology got the permission of Food & Drug Administration, U S A in 2015.
G. There are Implantable & Ingestible sensors
These are Nanoparticle Biosensors which are fully implantable. These sensors act as a ‘ Fuel gauge’ transmitting internal measurements of Physiological function through a step towards digitizing the human body.
It is observed that mHelth & Telemedicine are low cost & widely accessible interventions which includes Text messaging & Smart phone Apps are effective in Prevention & Cure of various Diseases. Improves Medication adherence, prevent Diabetes risk patients. Self measurement of improved Glycemic control in HbA1C. Through it control & improvement of Blood pressure also done.
Digital retention—Effective use of Mobile smart phone based mHealth devices may occur, when patient understand the Electronic technologies, Internet & Smart phone technology.
In United Kingdom a survey shows that Pulmonary Diseases, Diabetes, Heart failure outcomes was reduced & less hospitalization occurred.
MOOCs ( Massive Open Online Courses )—These are available free of cost. Some are paid, nominal fees to be paid for these courses. These courses are available through Web portals & through Social media platform also. Connectivism & Connectivity Knowledge, 2008 of the University of Minnesota, Canada by Stefan Downs & George Siemens established these credit courses. Downs & Siemens started using BLOGS, Forum, Face book, Wikipedia platforms connecting the courses & extending the boundaries of these courses. About 2200 Articles are there in those MOOCs.
Dev Cormier, University of Prince Edward Island & Bryan Alexander, National Institute For Technology in Liberal Education invented the term ‘MOOC’ & used it.
( Mc Auley & et al. 2010 ).
There are separate platforms & separate marketing modules of separate supply chain for different students of different areas & aims. The end resultant is the credentials after finishing the courses. Identity of the courses & credits are categorically mentioned there in the MOOCs. With the same idea there are KHAN Academy, Selor Foundation, Google course Builder, Peer to peer University, ALISON & UDEMI platforms are also MOOCs (Siemens 2013. )
MOOCs courses are open source education system outside the University. UDACITY CSI101 Computer Science 101 course has enrolled 3 lakh students. It is the largest MOOC as per Wikipedia 2013.
Considering the High school students on 2012 University of Miami, Global Academy started online MOOC to help the students of Biology SAT Subjects Test preparation.
In MOOCs there are no bars of country barrier. No Nationality, Cast, Creed, Profession or Educational bar. The courses are time to time revised & uploaded automatically.
INDIAN MOOCs- Government of INDIA, Human Resource Department under the National Mission On Education Through Information 7 Communication Technology ( NME- ICT Program Initiative started on 11th March, 2016. The target of this plan is qualitative Educational Resources use to enhance the Educational base of the people throughout the country.
Thomas, D. R. (2006). “A general inductive approach for analyzing qualitative evaluation data.”American Journal of Evaluation, 27(2), 237-246.
Batra, S., Ahuja, S., Sinha, A., & Gordon, N. (2012). “eCompliance: Enhancing tuberculosis treatment with biometric and mobile technology”, pp. 36-40.
Chaudhury, R. R., Sharma, S., & Goel, A. (2012). “Information on drug interactions on mobile Phone – A pilot study to deploy information through mobile phone and promote patient safety”, pp. 60-66.
Garai, A. (2012). “Health sector reform: The case for mHealth”, pp. 107-112.
Haque, M. M., Kawsar, F., Adibuzzaman., Ahamed, S. I., Love, R., Dowla, R., et al. (2012). “Mobile based health care solution for breast cancer patients”, pp. 23-35.
Hoefman, B., Namirembe, E., Mahler, H., Bon Tempo, J., Loggers, J., & Kayiwa, J. (2012). “Using mobile phones to improve delivery and uptake of medical male circumcision: Experiences from north Tanzania”, pp. 41-46.
Jha, P., Kalra, E., Puleio, M., Ghosh, A., Beckman, M., & Jennings, V. (2012). “CycleTel™: Expanding access to family planning through mobile phones”, pp. 51-59.
Khanna, A., Singh, A., Soni, J., Quraishi, H., & Quraishi, S. (2012). ” Edutainment based mobile phone games for health communication in India”, pp. 67-81.
Khurana, R., Sharma, S., Mehra, A., Yadav, D., Naik, V., & Singh, A. (2012). “Jiah: Healthcare goes mobile”, pp. 102-106.
Littman-Quinn, R., Chandra, A., Chang, A., Ghose, S., & Kovarik, C. (2012). “mHealth in Botswana: Driven by partnerships, customization and local empowerment – lessons learned on implementation, stakeholders, and sustainability in resource-limited settings”, pp. 113-114.
Pundir, A. K., Sharma, P., Shukla, R., & Khurana, R. (2012). “Mobile health in India”, pp. 47-50.
Pundir, A., Singh, G., & Kumar, V. (2012). “ICT based health services for BPL communities in India: A case study of Haryana state”, pp. 96-101.
Tegegne, T., & Van Der Weide, T. (2012). “Is mHealth viable to Ethiopia? – an empirical study”, pp. 82-95.
Treatman, D., & Lesh, N. (2012). “Strengthening community health systems with localized multimedia”, pp. 7-22.
DNA Webdesk (28 September 2015), Here’s what you need to know about the
Digital India initiative. Mumbai: Daily News & Analysis
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Jump up “GST to take care of many of e-commerce firms’ tax issues : IT minister’’, Live Mint, 21 November 2014.
Jump up “ About Bharat Broadband Network Limited’’, Bharat Broadband Network limited.
“Jump up’’ Subramaniam, Nikhil (22 March 2013), “India’s fantastic broadband project
That you should know about’’. Tech2
.“Jump up’’ “Under the Digital India initiative: Software Technology Park of India’’ The Indian Express, 28th February 2016.
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“Jump up’’ “Government aims to give ‘Digital India’ benefits to farmers : P M Narendra Modi’’, The Times of India, 18 February 2016.
“Jump up’’ – “Government to set up botnet cleaning centers’’, Preview Tech, 25 May,2014.
“Jump up’’ – “Can Digital Locker Catalyze Digital India?- Maximum Governance’’, www.maximumgovernance.com. Accessed on 30th August,2016.
“Jump up’’- “Digital Locker: Free, Secure, Flexible & easy to use application’’, Digital Locker.
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“Jump up ‘’- Digital locker- Online document storage facility National Portal of India , www.india.gov.in Accessed on 30th August, 2016.
“Jump up ‘’- Attendance.gov.in- Sarkari offices will no longer be the same , courtesy,
Narendra Modi, “ Daily News & Analysis, 7th October 2014.
“Jump up ‘’- Attendance.gov.in: Modi government launches website to track attendance of government employees’’, The Economic Times, 7th October 2014.
“Jump up ‘’- Mosi’s website gets new, mobile friendly look’’, Business Standard, New Delhi, BS Reporter, 16 January 2016.
“Jump up ‘’- PM Naraedra Modi invites tech.enthusiasts for a ‘Digital Dialogue”, The Times of India, 4July 2015.
“Jump up—Mark Jukerber changes his profile picture to support “Digital India’’, The
Times of India, TNN, 27 September 2014.
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“Jump up ‘’- “Digital India to propel economy to its best era: Oracle’’, Moneycontrol.com, 8th October 2016.
“Jump up ‘’—The Statesman : Digital India at the expense of Net neutrality?” , The Statesman, 8th October 2016.
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“Jump up ‘’—“Digital India campaing: Panchkula comes out on top among all districts of
Haryana’’, “The Indian Express, 26th December 2015.