I think these must be there in INDIA for proper treatment & to get the necessary information for the healthcare management & other necessary reasons which are required before, during & after treatment of any patient.
D – Digital Devices
Digital devices help to solve the Clinical problems. Classified mHealth technologies have developed Smart phone health “Apps ‘’ currently 160000 Apps available. There are smart phones wearable & wireless devices, such as Handheld-imaging platforms, miniaturized sensor based technologies. Hypertension, Diabetes, & Heart Failure(HF), Medication monitoring etc have gone a significant advanced technologies. Data transfer increasing & mHealth devices have become an essential workflows.
E. Wireless & Wearable Devices
There are Analogous to Smart phone based devices. Continuous Blood pressure, Glucose monitoring Technologies are also developed by B Pro, Health Stats Inc. It is approved by FDA, USA in 2014. It is used for Tonometry by applying mild pressure to partially flatten the Radial artery to acquire the measurement of Central Aortic Systolic pressure. The Systolic wave form produces a digital blood pressure signal from the Radial artery to the watch which transmits at 5 minutes intervals & recorded for 24 Hours.
Continuous Glucose Monitoring with minimally invasive sensor technologies by Dexcon. It requires implantation of a small transcutaneous electrode into subcutaneous tissue of the Abdomen or Arm, where a Glucose oxidised chemical reaction produces a current reflecting intestinal Glucose concentration. The Electrical signal is converted into Glucose concentration & it is transmitted to a Smart phone or a Tablet computer at 5 Minutes interval for real time monitoring.
F. BLUE TOOTH STETHOSCOPE
Now a day’s Blue tooth Stethoscope doing the Auscultation of Heart sound & treating the patients. Especially it helps Doctors & he may consult with other senior Doctor who is far of place. Through Blue tooth technology Heart sound may reach to that Doctor within few second times.
This Blue tooth technology got the permission of Food & Drug Administration, U S A in 2015.
G. There are Implantable & Ingestible sensors
These are Nanoparticle Biosensors which are fully implantable. These sensors act as a ‘ Fuel gauge’ transmitting internal measurements of Physiological function through a step towards digitizing the human body.
It is observed that mHelth & Telemedicine are low cost & widely accessible interventions which includes Text messaging & Smart phone Apps are effective in Prevention & Cure of various Diseases. Improves Medication adherence, prevent Diabetes risk patients. Self measurement of improved Glycemic control in HbA1C. Through it control & improvement of Blood pressure also done.
Digital retention—Effective use of Mobile smart phone based mHealth devices may occur, when patient understand the Electronic technologies, Internet & Smart phone technology.
In United Kingdom a survey shows that Pulmonary Diseases, Diabetes, Heart failure outcomes was reduced & less hospitalization occurred.
MOOCs ( Massive Open Online Courses )—These are available free of cost. Some are paid, nominal fees to be paid for these courses. These courses are available through Web portals & through Social media platform also. Connectivism & Connectivity Knowledge, 2008 of the University of Minnesota, Canada by Stefan Downs & George Siemens established these credit courses. Downs & Siemens started using BLOGS, Forum, Face book, Wikipedia platforms connecting the courses & extending the boundaries of these courses. About 2200 Articles are there in those MOOCs.
Dev Cormier, University of Prince Edward Island & Bryan Alexander, National Institute For Technology in Liberal Education invented the term ‘MOOC’ & used it.
( Mc Auley & et al. 2010 ).
There are separate platforms & separate marketing modules of separate supply chain for different students of different areas & aims. The end resultant is the credentials after finishing the courses. Identity of the courses & credits are categorically mentioned there in the MOOCs. With the same idea there are KHAN Academy, Selor Foundation, Google course Builder, Peer to peer University, ALISON & UDEMI platforms are also MOOCs (Siemens 2013. )
MOOCs courses are open source education system outside the University. UDACITY CSI101 Computer Science 101 course has enrolled 3 lakh students. It is the largest MOOC as per Wikipedia 2013.
Considering the High school students on 2012 University of Miami, Global Academy started online MOOC to help the students of Biology SAT Subjects Test preparation.
In MOOCs there are no bars of country barrier. No Nationality, Cast, Creed, Profession or Educational bar. The courses are time to time revised & uploaded automatically.
INDIAN MOOCs- Government of INDIA, Human Resource Department under the National Mission On Education Through Information 7 Communication Technology ( NME- ICT Program Initiative started on 11th March, 2016. The target of this plan is qualitative Educational Resources use to enhance the Educational base of the people throughout the country.